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Understanding Pottery Kiln Temperatures - Kiln Crafts

Understanding Pottery Kiln Temperatures

Are you looking to get into the rewarding hobby of pottery? Or perhaps you're looking to upgrade your pottery kiln experience? No matter your need, understanding the temperature variances in pottery kilns is pertinent. On this journey, we'll be exploring "cones" in the pottery kiln world. So, what are these "cones", and how do they relate to pottery firing?

Cone, in pottery, is a unit that measures heat over time, rather than temperature alone. It denotes the amount of heat-absorption a particular piece of clay or glaze has undergone in the kiln. Individual cones are associated with distinct temperatures, giving the potter a comprehensive indication of how the kiln is operating. Here is a breakdown of all the cones in relation to Celsius temperature.

Cone number
60°C/hour 150°C/hour
19 676°C 693°C
18 712°C 732°C
17 736°C 761°C
16 769°C 794°C
15 788°C 816°C
14 807°C 836°C
13 837°C 859°C
12 858°C 880°C
11 873°C 892°C
10 898°C 913°C
9 917°C 928°C
8 942°C 954°C
7 973°C 985°C
6 995°C 1011°C
5 1030°C 1046°C
4 1060°C 1070°C
3 1086°C 1101°C
2 1101°C 1120°C
1 1117°C 1137°C
1 1136°C 1154°C
2 1142°C 1162°C
3 1152°C 1168°C
4 1160°C 1181°C
5 1184°C 1205°C
6 1220°C 1241°C
7 1237°C 1255°C
8 1247°C 1269°C
9 1257°C 1278°C
10 1282°C 1303°C
11 1293°C 1312°C
12 1304°C 1324°C


Each cone number represents a repeatable measurement of heat-work at specific hold times, allowing for uniformity in firing method. Therefore, having a clear understanding of ideal temperatures for different pottery types is crucial for the best outcomes.

"The knowledge of pottery kiln temperatures, understanding when and why to use certain cones offers potters the ability to fire their pieces with precision and consistency."

Small pottery kiln systems are ideal for beginners looking to explore the craft. As pottery requires different temperatures depending on the clay and the stage of firing, these smaller kilns can offer a more manageable way to gain experience with various cones and heat levels.

If you're just dipping your toes in the pottery world, you might consider starting with the CU2 Home Pottery Kiln, a perfect entry point for any budding potter. For those who are a bit more adventurous and ready to take up larger projects, the CU4 Home Pottery Kiln could be the perfect fit, offering more space for your pottery pieces.

At Kilncrafts, we pride ourselves in giving our customers not only a variety of choices but also quality that will last. As a multibrand store, we offer products from well-known brands such as KilnCare and Kilns and Furnaces, ensuring you get the perfect kiln for your pottery needs.


Offering top-notch quality since its inception, KilnCare is a brand you can trust for excellence in pottery kilns.

Kilns and Furnaces

With a history spanning decades, Kilns and Furnaces is synonymous with durability and precision in the pottery kilns industry.

Whether you're a novice potter or an experienced artist, understanding kiln cones and pottery kiln temperatures is undeniably a crucial part of the pottery journey. Stay tuned as we continue to break down more kiln temperature essentials in the next part of our guide.

    Each cone number provides a detailed measure of the heat-work at specific hold times. This knowledge allows potters to fire their pieces with precision and consistency. It's all about the perfect balance between time and temperature. As a rule of thumb, the higher the cone number, the higher the temperature and heat-work.

    "Though temperature is an important aspect of firing pottery, so is the amount of time the pottery spends in the kiln. An intricate balance between the two is crucial for achieving spectacular results."

    Moving forward, let's explore the exciting world of 13amp pottery kilns – perfect for homes with a standard power supply, yet powerful enough for superb pottery results. For hobbyists and professional potters, top-loading pottery kilns provide an excellent way to maintain proper temperatures without taking up too much space.

    If you're looking for a high-capacity kiln, our large pottery kiln collection, such as the Falcon 250L Front Load Pottery Kiln might just be your next great investment! These kilns offer some of the highest cone ranges, perfect for all your high-temperature firing needs.

    The key takeaway here is understanding that controlling the temperature inside your kiln is paramount. Firing pottery is not just about cranking up the heat – it involves fine-tuning the delicate interplay between temperature, time, and your specific clays and glazes.

    Always remember, the higher the cone number, the higher the heat and longer the hold time. So, choose your cones with care. Whether you are looking for electric pottery kilns or front-loading pottery kilns, Kilncrafts offers a wide range to cater to your unique pottery needs.

    "Embrace the magic of pottery. Play with the cones, master your temperatures, and let your kiln fire up the Potter in you!"

    With a wide variety of collections and products from renowned brands, we're here to make your pottery journey smooth, bright, and full of learning. So start firing, and let's create some magic in pottery!

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